Depression is considered a psychiatric disorder, which is characterized by an inability to focus, lack of sleep, loss of appetite, anhedonia, feelings of extreme sadness, helplessness and hopelessness, guilt and thoughts of death. this is also termed as clinical depression.

The depression is divided into two different types, one is known as endogenous and the other is known as neurotic. Endogenous depression means that the depression comes from within the body, which can be of genetic cause or there is no specific reason for it. The neurotic depression is a reactive depression, which has a clear-cut environmental factor that precipitates it. The cause of neurotic factor can be a death of a spouse, loss of job, failing in an exam.

Depressive symptoms are characterized are characterized by negative thoughts, moods and behaviors, as well as evident changes in bodily functions such as in eating, sleeping and also sexual activity. These functional changes are often termed as neurovegetative signs.

In the decade of 70s and 80s, the focus shifted from the cause of depression to the effects of depression on people, so as to make specific categorizations of depression.

It was estimated in 1990 that depression cost about 43 billion dollars to United States for the treatment cost, as well as industrial effects that were caused due to absenteeism.

There was a medical study that was conducted, which showed that depression caused significant problems in the functioning of the people who are affected by it as compared to arthritis, chronic lung disease or diabetes.

Depression can lead to a lot of different diseases and puts a person at risk of developing HIV, asthma, coronary artery disease. Depression is a major cause, which leads to increased illnesses and death.

Depression is first identified in the primary care setting and then the patients are being referred to a mental health institution. Depression is treatable, but the most important thing is that the root cause of the problem gets treated.

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