Head Trauma in Children

Head trauma is very common and many a times children are triggered by this problem. Children are often prone to suffer accidents, and to prevent head trauma in children, it is necessary for parents to supervise the children’s activities as well as use proper safety equipment, and also take care that the child is not left alone on surfaces where he or she is liable to fall and injure him or herself.  It is indeed fortunate that most head injuries that the child suffers are minor. But still you simply can take no chance with head as it may also affect skull and/or brain. The injury may have many effects that can be heart threatening.

It is believed that trauma is the leading cause of death in America’s children that are above one year in age, and head trauma in children accounts for eighty percent of all injuries. It is believed that in as many as five percent of head trauma in children cases, the patient will die at the site, and head trauma has an attendant high emotional, psychosocial as well as economic impact due to the fact that it entails the patient having to put up with extended stays in hospitals, and it is believed, that as many as five to ten percent of these cases require admission to long-term care facility. These statistics justify the fact that head trauma can be injurious to your body and may lead you towards temporary or permanent disability.

The child’s brain is anatomically different to that of an adult and is more susceptible to certain types of injuries following head trauma. Head trauma in children is often accompanied by high mortality rates, and it is believed, that every year as many as five million children sustain head injuries in the United States. It is thus imperative for doctors to ascertain the specific circumstances of episodes of head trauma in children and such information may be sought from the injured child him or herself, whenever possible.

The child should be assessed for memory loss, confusion, visual disturbance as well as any symptoms of irritability, altered consciousness, and other disturbing factors. The person may be repetitive and may seem confused. These are the main symptoms of head trauma.

It is necessary that as soon as head injury takes place, treatment must be sought. When a child sustains head injuries leading to head trauma in children, it is necessary that the child be closely observed for 24 hours in a hospital and it may also warrant taking skull x-rays, CT and MRI scans. In some cases, surgery may be required to repair damaged skin or bones or just to relieve pressure from internal hemorrhaging. However, most children will be able to regain normalcy with a couple of days of solid rest, though symptoms may persist for a week or two after. It is advisable for parents to seek help in case they become worried that something is seriously wrong with the child.

Besides these there may be many problems that can happen post head trauma. There can be external or internal head injury. Head trauma symptoms can be easily known if there are injuries on the head that can affect the brain are: skull fracture, which usually happens when you fit your head accidentally against a hard object; linear skull fracture occurs usually in babies when they fall accidentally from the bed or crib and the skull breaks on a straight line; depressed skull fracture occurs when a hard object was hit against your head and depending on the seriousness of the injury it may require immediate surgery.

The sleep pattern of the person may change. The person may not feel like eating anything. He may also lose memory; it may be partial or complete. The patient may also suffer from paralytic attack. In order to avoid these situations in case of children, it is necessary to undergo professional treatment at the earliest.

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