What is irritable bowel syndrome?

Irritable Bowel Syndrome, sometimes also called IBS is a kind of sickness which affects large intestine in particular. The large intestine in our stomach is like a bowel to store the stools; the waste products from food that body can not use and secrets out via rectum.

A number of symptoms associate to IBS and hence the term syndrome is valid. The symptoms with irritable bowel Syndrome include cramp, bloat, diarrhoea, constipation, etc. Females having Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) suffers more in their menstrual period. Stomach cramping is very painful, particularly in menstrual periods.

Emotional setbacks make the condition of IBS sufferers worse. The reason behind irritation of lower intestine can be any like; hormonal changes in the body, inadequate exercise, bad food habits, etc. Eating a large and heavy meal is also a trigger of bowel irritation. 


The primary symptoms of IBS are diarrhoea, abdominal pain and cramp. A person affected with IBS may suffer from any of these sicknesses or a combination of these. Other symptoms of IBS may include swelling, bloating, or mucus in the stool.

A doctor tests the IBS in a person on the basis of his / her symptoms. Sometimes, doctor performs some critical tests like Colonoscopy / Sigmoidoscopy to establish the fact, if a person has IBS or some other disease. 

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is not a disease but a disorder of improper functioning of bowel. In bowel disorders, the muscles of the bowel contract when you eat something and this causes pain and irritation of bowel.

The muscle contraction within the bowel introduces cramping in the lower abdomen and diarrhoea after eating. The nerves of the bowel become overactive because of cramps, forming of gas and diarrhoea etc. Irritable Bowel syndrome (IBS) is extremely painful but it does not harm the bowel. Also IBS do not cause any other serious disease.

Healthcare professionals do a number of tests like blood test, urine test, stool test, etc to identify if a person has IBS or the symptom of the person are due to some other disease or sickness.

Lower Gasto Intestinal (GI) Series or barium enema is the X-ray test of bowel to see the problem of the bowel i.e. lower intestine. In this test, barium is sent into the bowel from the way of anus before doing X - ray of bowel.

Endoscopy is a test in which a tube fitted with camera at one end is inserted into the bowel and then the doctor see inside the bowel with the help of eye lens from other end. This enables doctor to see inside the bowel and conclude whether the symptom is of IBS or bowel is affected with some parasitic infections or so. 

There is no certain cure for IBS, the only cure is minimizing the symptoms and hence it is necessary to look after the trigger causes of symptoms. A change in dietary habits, medications and staying away from stressful situations may relieve the symptoms of IBS. Your doctor is the best authority to suggest you the methods of treating IBS.


Dietary Changes
Some foods like French fries, different dairy products etc and drinks containing caffeine and alcohols make the IBS more than worse. You must have to avoid the foods and drinks that irritate your bowel. Prefer fibrous diet containing good fats and no added sugars. Drink a lot of water.
Discuss your dietary habits with your doctor / dietician and ask for suggestions. Following good dietary habits will definitely help you to ease your IBS.



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