Allergies are a growing concern throughout the world, especially in children. There was a recent report in which it was mentioned that the asthma and allergies is a rapidly growing phenomenon in the young. In the year 1991, there were studies conducted on the global prevalence of asthma, hay fever, as well as eczema. Another study was conducted in about 2002 and 2003 where there was the repeat of the surveys to see if there are any changes and in that study there were about 193,000 children who were in the ages of 6 to 7 years from around 37 countries. In the questionnaires these children were asked about the presence of the symptoms of asthma and allergies, which was wheezing and another set of children who were of the age of 13 to 14 years from different countries were asked the same questions and it was found by the researchers that there is a high trend of allergies among these children and there were a great incidence of cases reported for eczema as well as hay fever.
This regional study showed that there was a decrease in the symptoms of asthma that was known to be of high prevalence previously, but there were still countries that were showing these problems to be on the high side, which included the countries in Asia-Pacific, as well as India in both of the age groups mentioned above. There was also mentioned by the researchers that there is a lot of work that needs to be done in terms of awareness and the environment as well as the treatments available for the allergic symptoms because a lot of the children are suffering from these problems because there is no proper management to make them aware as to how they can protect themselves from the allergic problems as well as making them aware of how to cope with the different allergic situations so that these children can live a better life.
The experts think that there are a lot of things that still need to be explored as to the new treatments of the allergies, as well as the exact causes that result in the allergic conditions in children. There are a lot of cases of allergies in children that are reported in the different seasons. It is known that these allergic conditions can cause serious health issues and that can even lead to death if these are not dealt with in an appropriate fashion. There is a general question that arises as to why there are growing cases of allergies that are happening all over the world. The major reasons that are yet known are the different environmental conditions, pollution of the water, as well as food, hygiene, as these cause a drop in the immune system and that results in the causation of other diseases that found a good ground to infect these children in the absence of the body’s own defense system.
Experts say that with prevention there are a lot of cases of allergies that can be prevented. For example if the individual is suffering from allergies, they can protect themselves from the allergens that are in the environment such as pollen, so for them it would be good if they wear a mask when they go out, which would protect them from inhaling the pollens that are acting as an allergen. There are individuals who suffer from allergies that are due to the pets such as cats, so it is better that they avoid coming in contact with the cats so that they do not suffer from an allergic reaction. The hygiene of the house is another important factor because the old carpets have a lot of dust in them and that just results in the dust particles in the home environment on a constant basis and that just aggravates the allergic symptoms. Molds, mildew are also a big causative factor that result in the development of asthma and other allergic conditions and these can be averted only by making sure that the environment is free from all these so that a better quality of life can be maintained.
There was another study conducted in which the focus of the study was to find the prevalence of the allergen exposure in about 1,300 children, and in this group there were about 500 children who were known to have risk factors for allergen sensitivity at birth. It was found that in about 90 percent of the cases in which the children were experiencing the symptoms of wheezing but they were not at risk for any allergies were the ones who lost the symptoms at school age and they had the normal lung functions at the ages of 13 and 14. On the other hand the children who were found to have repeated attacks of wheezing and sensitivity to allergens in the beginning three years of their life are the ones who are prone to develop the symptoms of loss of lung function as well as asthma.
The researchers also added that the term asthma should be totally removed as a term because it is a cluster of different things that include wheezing, cough, sputum production, difficulty breathing, and is caused by the inflammation of the air passages. The experts and researchers who are working on finding as to how these different allergens work their way to cause the allergies are still to be explored and the effective treatments that can totally alleviate the symptoms and help the children to develop such allergies in the later years of their life.